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Ideology and Mass Killing

The Radicalized Security Politics of Genocides and Deadly Atrocities

Gebonden Engels 2022 9780198776796
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Samenvatting

In research on 'mass killings' such as genocides and campaigns of state terror, the role of ideology is hotly debated. For some scholars, ideologies are crucial in providing the extremist goals and hatreds that motivate ideologically committed people to kill. But many other scholars are sceptical: contending that perpetrators of mass killing rarely seem ideologically committed, and that rational self-interest or powerful forms of social pressure are more important drivers of violence than ideology.

In Ideology and Mass Killing, Jonathan Leader Maynard challenges both these prevailing views, advancing an alternative 'neo-ideological' perspective which systematically retheorises the key ideological foundations of large-scale violence against civilians.

Integrating cutting-edge research from multiple disciplines, including political science, political psychology, history and sociology, Ideology and Mass Killing demonstrates that ideological justifications vitally shape such violence in ways that go beyond deep ideological commitment. Most disturbingly of all, the key ideological foundations of mass killings are found to lie, not in extraordinary political goals or hatreds, but in radicalised versions of those conventional, widely accepted ideas that underpin the politics of security in ordinary societies across the world.

This study then substantiates this account by a detailed examination of four contrasting cases of mass killing - Stalinist Repression in the Soviet Union between 1930 and 1938, the Allied Bombing Campaign against Germany and Japan in World War II from 1940 to 1945, mass atrocities in the Guatemalan Civil War between 1978 and 1983, and the Rwandan Genocide in 1994. This represents the first volume to offer a dedicated, comparative theory of ideology's role in mass killing, while also developing a powerful new account of how ideology affects violence and politics more generally.

Specificaties

ISBN13:9780198776796
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:gebonden
Aantal pagina's:400
Druk:1
Verschijningsdatum:28-6-2022
ISSN:

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Inhoudsopgave

1:Introduction
2:Clarifying Ideology
3:How Does Ideology Explain Mass Killing?
4:The Hardline Justification of Mass Killing
5:Stalinist Repression
6:Allied Area Bombing in World War II
7:Mass Killing in Guatemala's Civil War
8:The Rwandan Genocide
9:Conclusion

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        Ideology and Mass Killing