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The Nexus Between Organized Crime and Terrorism

Types and Responses

Gebonden Engels 2022 9781788979290
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Samenvatting

In the post-9/11 era, the nexus between organized crime and terrorism has raised much concern and has been widely discussed in both academic and policy circles, but is still largely misunderstood. This critical book contributes innovatively to the debate by distinguishing three types of nexus—interaction, transformation/imitation and similarities—and identifying the promoting factors of each type.

With its multifaceted but complementary chapters, the book provides conceptual and theoretical frameworks for readers, as well as the evidence needed to develop more realistic, effective and humane policies to tackle organized crime, terrorism and the nexuses between them. Bringing together a range of international multidisciplinary specialists, it includes three comparative analyses of worldwide transfers of personnel, weapons and money between organized crime and terrorism and 12 case studies examining local manifestations of the nexus in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas. Two other chapters further review the national, European and international policies adopted and implemented so far to deal with the different nexuses.

This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and policymakers in the fields of comparative law, criminal law and justice and public policy, who specialize in the analysis and control of organized crime and terrorism. It will also appeal to senior law enforcement officials and practitioners due to the counterintuitive policy implications drawn from the comparative analysis of the findings.

Specificaties

ISBN13:9781788979290
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:gebonden
Aantal pagina's:544
Druk:1
Verschijningsdatum:18-5-2022
Hoofdrubriek:Juridisch
ISSN:

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Over Cyrille Fijnaut

Cyrille Fijnaut is hoogleraar internationaal strafrecht en rechtsvergelijking aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit van Tilburg. In de voorbije decennia verrichtte hij enerzijds onderzoek naar georganiseerde criminaliteit, terrorisme en (sociale) onveiligheid en anderzijds naar de organisatie en werking van politie en justitie in de Benelux en de politie- en justitiesamenwerking in Europa. De Universiteit Gent reikt op 10 december 2009 een institutioneel eredoctoraat uit aan Cyrille Fijnaut. Het eredoctoraat is een waardering voor de maatschappelijke impact van het werk van professor Fijnaut en de geregelde en intense samenwerkingsverbanden met de UGent, in het bijzonder in de vakgebieden criminologie en strafrecht en in het domein van de geschiedenis van het recht.

Andere boeken door Cyrille Fijnaut

Over Jan Wouters

Jan Wouters studeerde Technologie - en Innovatiebeleid én Bedrijfswetenschappen en is o.a. directeur van het Nederlands Centrum voor Autohistorische Documentatie. Hij deed eerder onderzoek naar het falen van de Wankelmotor, zowel vanuit een technologische als economische insteek. Hij is onderzoeker en schrijver en maakt in dit boek op boeiende wijze een leerzame koppeling tussen verleden, heden en toekomst.

Andere boeken door Jan Wouters

Inhoudsopgave

1 Introduction to the nexus between organized crime and terrorism 1
Cyrille Fijnaut, Letizia Paoli and Jan Wouters

PART I LITERATURE REVIEW AND CONCEPTUALIZATION
2 Taking stock of the literature on the nexus between organized crime and terrorism 17
Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut
3 Conceptualizing the nexus between organized crime and terrorism 48
Letizia Paoli and Cyrille Fijnaut

PART II TRANSFER OF RESOURCES
4 Criminal pasts, terrorist futures? Jihadist recruits in Western Europe 86
Peter R. Neumann and Rajan Basra
5 Terrorists’ acquisition of firearms and explosives: criminal, legal and grey sources 104
Toine Spapens and Nils Duquet
6 The organized crime–terrorism nexus and its funding 126
Michael Levi

PART III EUROPEAN CASE STUDIES
7 The nexus between organised crime and terrorism, and the attacks in Paris and Brussels in 2015 and 2016 148
Cyrille Fijnaut
8 Assessing the involvement in organized crime of jihadists from the Netherlands 221
Anton Weenink, Melvin R.J. Soudijn and Rudie J.M. Neve
9 Legal and law enforcement implications arising from the organized crime–terrorism nexus in Northern Ireland 239
Tom Obokata
10 To what extent was Basque terrorist group ETA involved in a nexus with organized crime? An economic analysis 258
Mikel Buesa and Thomas Baumert
11 Sweden: violent extremism and organized crime 276
Lars Korsell

PART IV NON-EUROPEAN CASE STUDIES
12 The crime–terror nexus in Syria and Iraq 302
Christina Steenkamp
13 The nexus of organized crime and terror in Afghanistan and Pakistan 319
Matthew Phillips and Shelby Davis
14 Largely fleeting and hardly convergent: Libya’s crime–terror nexus 342
Mark Micallef and Matt Herbert
15 The terrorism–organized crime nexus in the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria 366
Freedom C. Onuoha
16 Is there any nexus between terrorism and organized crime in Mexico? 391
Luis Astorga
17 Terrorism and organized crime in Colombia 412
Gustavo Duncan, Santiago Sosa and Jose Antonio Fortou

PART V INTERNATIONAL POLICIES
18 Responding to the crime–terror nexus: the international level 434
Christophe Paulussen and Colin P. Clarke
19 The nexus between organized crime and terrorism: policy responses from the European Union and the Council of Europe 452
Thomas Van Poecke and Jan Wouters

Index

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        The Nexus Between Organized Crime and Terrorism