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Big Data Fundamentals

Concepts, Drivers & Techniques

Ingenaaid Engels 2016 9780134291079
Verkooppositie 3265
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Samenvatting

"This text should be required reading for everyone in contemporary business."
--Peter Woodhull, CEO, Modus21
"The one book that clearly describes and links Big Data concepts to business utility."
--Dr. Christopher Starr, PhD
"Simply, this is the best Big Data book on the market!"
--Sam Rostam, Cascadian IT Group
"...one of the most contemporary approaches I've seen to Big Data fundamentals..."
--Joshua M. Davis, PhD
The Definitive Plain-English Guide to Big Data for Business and Technology Professionals
Big Data Fundamentals provides a pragmatic, no-nonsense introduction to Big Data. Best-selling IT author Thomas Erl and his team clearly explain key Big Data concepts, theory and terminology, as well as fundamental technologies and techniques. All coverage is supported with case study examples and numerous simple diagrams.
The authors begin by explaining how Big Data can propel an organization forward by solving a spectrum of previously intractable business problems. Next, they demystify key analysis techniques and technologies and show how a Big Data solution environment can be built and integrated to offer competitive advantages.
Discovering Big Data's fundamental concepts and what makes it different from previous forms of data analysis and data science
Understanding the business motivations and drivers behind Big Data adoption, from operational improvements through innovation
Planning strategic, business-driven Big Data initiatives
Addressing considerations such as data management, governance, and security
Recognizing the 5 "V" characteristics of datasets in Big Data environments: volume, velocity, variety, veracity, and value
Clarifying Big Data's relationships with OLTP, OLAP, ETL, data warehouses, and data marts
Working with Big Data in structured, unstructured, semi-structured, and metadata formats
Increasing value by integrating Big Data resources with corporate performance monitoring
Understanding how Big Data leverages distributed and parallel processing
Using NoSQL and other technologies to meet Big Data's distinct data processing requirements
Leveraging statistical approaches of quantitative and qualitative analysis
Applying computational analysis methods, including machine learning

Specificaties

ISBN13:9780134291079
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:ingenaaid
Aantal pagina's:240
Uitgever:Prentice Hall
Verschijningsdatum:5-1-2016
Hoofdrubriek:IT-management / ICT

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Over Thomas Erl

Thomas Erl is a top-selling IT author, founder of Arcitura Education Inc., and series editor of the Prentice Hall Service Technology Series from Thomas Erl. With more than 200,000 copies in print worldwide, his books have become international bestsellers and have been formally endorsed by senior members of major IT organizations, such as IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, Intel, Accenture, IEEE, HL7, MITRE, SAP, CISCO, HP, and many others. As CEO of Arcitura Education Inc., Thomas has led the development of curricula for the internationally recognized Big Data Science Certified Professional (BDSCP), Cloud Certified Professional (CCP), and SOA Certified Professional (SOACP) accreditation programs, which have established a series of formal, vendor-neutral industry certifications obtained by thousands of IT professionals around the world. Thomas has toured more than 20 countries as a speaker and instructor. More than 100 articles and interviews by Thomas have been published in numerous publications, including The Wall Street Journal and CIO Magazine.

Andere boeken door Thomas Erl

Inhoudsopgave

Acknowledgments xvii
Reader Services xviii
PART I: THE FUNDAMENTALS OF BIG DATA
Chapter 1: Understanding Big Data 3
Concepts and Terminology 5
Datasets 5
Data Analysis 6
Data Analytics 6
Descriptive Analytics 8
Diagnostic Analytics 9
Predictive Analytics 10
Prescriptive Analytics 11
Business Intelligence (BI) 12
Key Performance Indicators (KPI) 12
Big Data Characteristics 13
Volume 14
Velocity 14
Variety 15
Veracity 16
Value 16
Different Types of Data 17
Structured Data 18
Unstructured Data 19
Semi-structured Data 19
Metadata 20
Case Study Background 20
History 20
Technical Infrastructure and Automation Environment 21
Business Goals and Obstacles 22
Case Study Example 24
Identifying Data Characteristics 26
Volume 26
Velocity 26
Variety 26
Veracity 26
Value 27
Identifying Types of Data 27
Chapter 2: Business Motivations and Drivers for Big Data Adoption 29
Marketplace Dynamics 30
Business Architecture 33
Business Process Management 36
Information and Communications Technology 37
Data Analytics and Data Science 37
Digitization 38
Affordable Technology and Commodity Hardware 38
Social Media 39
Hyper-Connected Communities and Devices 40
Cloud Computing 40
Internet of Everything (IoE) 42
Case Study Example 43
Chapter 3: Big Data Adoption and Planning Considerations 47
Organization Prerequisites 49
Data Procurement 49
Privacy 49
Security 50
Provenance 51
Limited Realtime Support 52
Distinct Performance Challenges 53
Distinct Governance Requirements 53
Distinct Methodology 53
Clouds 54
Big Data Analytics Lifecycle 55
Business Case Evaluation 56
Data Identification 57
Data Acquisition and Filtering 58
Data Extraction 60
Data Validation and Cleansing 62
Data Aggregation and Representation 64
Data Analysis 66
Data Visualization 68
Utilization of Analysis Results 69
Case Study Example 71
Big Data Analytics Lifecycle 73
Business Case Evaluation 73
Data Identification 74
Data Acquisition and Filtering 74
Data Extraction 74
Data Validation and Cleansing 75
Data Aggregation and Representation 75
Data Analysis 75
Data Visualization 76
Utilization of Analysis Results 76
Chapter 4: Enterprise Technologies and Big Data Business Intelligence 77
Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) 78
Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) 79
Extract Transform Load (ETL) 79
Data Warehouses 80
Data Marts 81
Traditional BI 82
Ad-hoc Reports 82
Dashboards 82
Big Data BI 84
Traditional Data Visualization 84
Data Visualization for Big Data 85
Case Study Example 86
Enterprise Technology 86
Big Data Business Intelligence 87
PART II: STORING AND ANALYZING BIG DATA
Chapter 5: Big Data Storage Concepts 91
Clusters 93
File Systems and Distributed File Systems 93
NoSQL 94
Sharding 95
Replication 97
Master-Slave 98
Peer-to-Peer 100
Sharding and Replication 103
Combining Sharding and Master-Slave Replication 104
Combining Sharding and Peer-to-Peer Replication 105
CAP Theorem 106
ACID 108
BASE 113
Case Study Example 117
Chapter 6: Big Data Processing Concepts 119
Parallel Data Processing 120
Distributed Data Processing 121
Hadoop 122
Processing Workloads 122
Batch 123
Transactional 123
Cluster 124
Processing in Batch Mode 125
Batch Processing with MapReduce 125
Map and Reduce Tasks 126
Map 127
Combine 127
Partition 129
Shuffle and Sort 130
Reduce 131
A Simple MapReduce Example 133
Understanding MapReduce Algorithms 134
Processing in Realtime Mode 137
Speed Consistency Volume (SCV) 137
Event Stream Processing 140
Complex Event Processing 141
Realtime Big Data Processing and SCV 141
Realtime Big Data Processing and MapReduce 142
Case Study Example 143
Processing Workloads 143
Processing in Batch Mode 143
Processing in Realtime 144
Chapter 7: Big Data Storage Technology 145
On-Disk Storage Devices 147
Distributed File Systems 147
RDBMS Databases 149
NoSQL Databases 152
Characteristics 152
Rationale 153
Types 154
Key-Value 156
Document 157
Column-Family 159
Graph 160
NewSQL Databases 163
In-Memory Storage Devices 163
In-Memory Data Grids 166
Read-through 170
Write-through 170
Write-behind 172
Refresh-ahead 172
In-Memory Databases 175
Case Study Example 179
Chapter 8: Big Data Analysis Techniques 181
Quantitative Analysis 183
Qualitative Analysis 184
Data Mining 184
Statistical Analysis 184
A/B Testing 185
Correlation 186
Regression 188
Machine Learning 190
Classification (Supervised Machine Learning) 190
Clustering (Unsupervised Machine Learning) 191
Outlier Detection 192
Filtering 193
Semantic Analysis 195
Natural Language Processing 195
Text Analytics 196
Sentiment Analysis 197
Visual Analysis 198
Heat Maps 198
Time Series Plots 200
Network Graphs 201
Spatial Data Mapping 202
Case Study Example 204
Correlation 204
Regression 204
Time Series Plot 205
Clustering 205
Classification 205
Appendix A: Case Study Conclusion 207
About the Authors 211
Thomas Erl 211
Wajid Khattak 211
Paul Buhler 212
Index 213

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