Foreword J. D. McCaughey; 1. Introduction Karen Dawson; Part I. The Scientific Issues: Introduction to this section Karen Dawson; Why do embryo research? Alan Trounson; Part II. The Moral Status of the Embryo The nature of ethical argument: an introduction Peter Singer and Helga Kuhse; (i) Arguments about the status of different developmental stages Fertilization and moral status Karen Dawson; Segmentation and moral status Karen Dawson; When does a new individual begin, and what does it matter, morally? Helga Kuhse; What makes a being morally significant? Peter Singer and Helga Kuhse; (ii) Arguments about potential IVF Technology and the argument from potential Peter Singer and Helga Kuhse; Arguing from potential Stephen Buckle; Part III. Controlling Embryo Experimentation in a Democratic Society (i) Legislation or self-regulation; The case for self-regulation John Funder; Community control of IVF and embryo experimentation Max Charlesworth; Self-regulation and embryo experimentation in Australia - a critique Pascal Kasimba; (ii) Forming a public policy Public policy in a pluralist society R. M. Hare; Is IVF research a threat to women's autonomy M. A. Warren; IVF regulation: the search for a legal basis Pascal Kasimba; How scientists view regulation: an interview with Drs Alan Trounson and Ismail Kola Karen Dawson; (iii) Drawing lines. Biological processes and moral events Stephen Buckle; The distinction between therapeutic and non-therapeutic experimentation Elizabeth Gaze and Karen Dawson; The syngamy debate: when does an embryo begin? Stephen Buckle, Karen Dawson and Peter Singer; Part IV. The First Legislation: An examination of Victoria's law; The Waller committee and the origins of the Victorian legistation Elizabeth Gaze; Experiments on embryos: permissions and prohibitions under the Infertility (Medical Procedures) Act, 1984 Pascal Kasimba; Legislation and the problems of research Karen Dawson; When is cloning lawful? Pascal Kasimba and Margaret Brumby; An interview with Louis Waller Elizabeth Gaze; Conclusion; Afterword J. M. Swan; Glossary Karen Dawson; Appendices: Infertility (Medical Procedures) Act, 1984 National Health and Medical Research Council guidelines on embryo experimentation A summary of law relating to embryo experimentation around the world Pascal Kasimba.