Op werkdagen voor 23:00 besteld, morgen in huis Gratis verzending vanaf €20
, ,

Ansible – Up and Running

Automating Configuration Management and Deployment the Easy Way

Paperback Engels 2022 9781098109158
Verkooppositie 3666Hoogste positie: 3666
Verwachte levertijd ongeveer 8 werkdagen

Samenvatting

Among the many configuration management tools available, Ansible has some distinct advantages: It's minimal in nature. You don't need to install agents on your nodes. And there's an easy learning curve. With this updated third edition, you'll quickly learn how to be productive with Ansible whether you're a developer deploying code or a system administrator looking for a better automation solution.

Authors Bas Meijer, Lorin Hochstein, and Rene Moser show you how to write playbooks (Ansible's configuration management scripts), manage remote servers, and explore the tool's real power: built-in declarative modules. You'll learn how Ansible has all the functionality you need-and the simplicity you desire.

- Explore Ansible configuration management and deployment
- Manage Linux, Windows, and network devices
- Learn how to apply Ansible best practices
- Understand how to use the new collections format
- Create custom modules and plug-ins
- Generate reusable Ansible content for open source middleware
- Build container images, images for cloud instances, and cloud infrastructure
- Automate CI/CD development environments
- Learn how to use Ansible Automation Platform for DevOps

Specificaties

ISBN13:9781098109158
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:paperback
Aantal pagina's:468
Uitgever:O'Reilly
Druk:3
Verschijningsdatum:26-7-2022
Hoofdrubriek:IT-management / ICT
ISSN:

Lezersrecensies

Wees de eerste die een lezersrecensie schrijft!

Geef uw waardering

Zeer goed Goed Voldoende Matig Slecht

Inhoudsopgave

Preface to the Third Edition
Conventions Used in This Book
Using Code Examples
O’Reilly Online Learning
How to Contact Us
Acknowledgments
From Lorin
From René
From Bas

1. Introduction
A Note About Versions
Ansible: What Is It Good For?
How Ansible Works
What’s So Great About Ansible?
Simple
Powerful
Secure
Is Ansible Too Simple?
What Do I Need to Know?
What Isn’t Covered
Moving Forward

2. Installation and Setup
Installing Ansible
Loose Dependencies
Running Ansible in Containers
Ansible Development
Setting Up a Server for Testing
Using Vagrant to Set Up a Test Server
Telling Ansible About Your Servers
Simplifying with the ansible.cfg File
Kill Your Darlings
Convenient Vagrant Configuration Options
Port Forwarding and Private IP Addresses
Enabling Agent Forwarding
The Docker Provisioner
The Ansible Local Provisioner
When the Provisioner Runs
Vagrant Plug-ins
Hostmanager
VBGuest
VirtualBox Customization
Vagrantfile Is Ruby
Production Setup
Conclusion

3. Playbooks: A Beginning
Preliminaries
A Very Simple Playbook
Specifying an NGINX Config File
Creating a Web Page
Creating a Group
Running the Playbook
Playbooks Are YAML
Start of Document
End of File
Comments
Indentation and Whitespace
Strings
Booleans
Lists
Dictionaries
Multiline Strings
Pure YAML Instead of String Arguments
Anatomy of a Playbook
Plays
Tasks
Modules
Viewing Ansible Module Documentation
Putting It All Together
Did Anything Change? Tracking Host State
Getting Fancier: TLS Support
Generating a TLS Certificate
Variables
Quoting in Ansible Strings
Generating the NGINX Configuration Template
Loop
Handlers
A Few Things to Keep in Mind About Handlers
Testing
Validation
The Playbook
Running the Playbook
Conclusion

4. Inventory: Describing Your Servers
Inventory/Hosts Files
Preliminaries: Multiple Vagrant Machines
Behavioral Inventory Parameters
Changing Behavioral Parameter Defaults
Groups and Groups and Groups
Example: Deploying a Django App
Aliases and Ports
Groups of Groups
Numbered Hosts (Pets Versus Cattle)
Hosts and Group Variables: Inside the Inventory
Host and Group Variables: In Their Own Files
Dynamic Inventory
Inventory Plug-ins
Amazon EC2
Azure Resource Manager
The Interface for a Dynamic Inventory Script
Writing a Dynamic Inventory Script
Breaking the Inventory into Multiple Files
Adding Entries at Runtime with add_host and group_by
add_host
group_by
Conclusion

5. Variables and Facts
Defining Variables in Playbooks
Defining Variables in Separate Files
Directory Layout
Viewing the Values of Variables
Variable Interpolation
Registering Variables
Facts
Viewing All Facts Associated with a Server
Viewing a Subset of Facts
Any Module Can Return Facts or Info
Local Facts
Using set_fact to Define a New Variable
Built-In Variables
hostvars
inventory_hostname
groups
Extra Variables on the Command Line
Precedence
Conclusion

6. Introducing Mezzanine: Our Test Application
Why Is Deploying to Production Complicated?
Postgres: The Database
Gunicorn: The Application Server
NGINX: The Web Server
Supervisor: The Process Manager
Conclusion

7. Deploying Mezzanine with Ansible
Listing Tasks in a Playbook
Organization of Deployed Files
Variables and Secret Variables
Installing Multiple Packages
Adding the Become Clause to a Task
Updating the apt Cache
Checking Out the Project Using Git
Installing Mezzanine and Other Packages into a Virtual Environment
Complex Arguments in Tasks: A Brief Digression
Configuring the Database
Generating the local_settings.py File from a Template
Running django-manage Commands
Running Custom Python Scripts in the Context of the Application
Setting Service Configuration Files
Enabling the NGINX Configuration
Installing TLS Certificates
Installing Twitter Cron Job
The Full Playbook
Running the Playbook Against a Vagrant Machine
Troubleshooting
Cannot Check Out Git Repository
Cannot Reach 192.168.33.10.nip.io
Bad Request (400)
Conclusion

8. Debugging Ansible Playbooks
Humane Error Messages
Debugging SSH Issues
Common SSH Challenges
PasswordAuthentication no
SSH as a Different User
Host Key Verification Failed
Private Networks
The debug Module
Playbook Debugger
The assert Module
Checking Your Playbook Before Execution
Syntax Check
List Hosts
List Tasks
Check Mode
Diff (Show File Changes)
Tags
Limits
Conclusion

9. Roles: Scaling Up Your Playbooks
Basic Structure of a Role
Example: Deploying Mezzanine with Roles
Using Roles in Your Playbooks
Pre-Tasks and Post-Tasks
A database Role for Deploying the Database
A mezzanine Role for Deploying Mezzanine
Creating Role Files and Directories with ansible-galaxy
Dependent Roles
Ansible Galaxy
Web Interface
Command-Line Interface
Role Requirements in Practice
Contributing Your Own Role
Conclusion

10. Complex Playbooks
Dealing with Badly Behaved Commands
Filters
The default Filter
Filters for Registered Variables
Filters That Apply to Filepaths
Writing Your Own Filter
Lookups
file
pipe
env
password
template
csvfile
dig
redis
Writing Your Own Lookup Plug-in
More Complicated Loops
With Lookup Plug-in
with_lines
with_fileglob
with_dict
Looping Constructs as Lookup Plug-ins
Loop Controls
Setting the Variable Name
Labeling the Output
Imports and Includes
Dynamic Includes
Role Includes
Role Flow Control
Blocks
Error Handling with Blocks
Encrypting Sensitive Data with ansible-vault
Multiple Vaults with Different Passwords
Conclusion

11. Customizing Hosts, Runs, and Handlers
Patterns for Specifying Hosts
Limiting Which Hosts Run
Running a Task on the Control Machine
Manually Gathering Facts
Retrieving an IP Address from the Host
Running on One Host at a Time
Running on a Batch of Hosts at a Time
Running Only Once
Limiting Which Tasks Run
step
start-at-task
Running Tags
Skipping Tags
Running Strategies
Linear
Free
Advanced Handlers
Handlers in Pre- and Post-Tasks
Flush Handlers
Meta Commands
Handlers Notifying Handlers
Handlers Listen
The SSL Case for the listen Feature
Conclusion

12. Managing Windows Hosts
Connection to Windows
PowerShell
Windows Modules
Our Java Development Machine
Adding a Local User
Windows Features
Installing Software with Chocolatey
Configuration of Java
Updating Windows
Conclusion

13. Ansible and Containers
Kubernetes
Docker Application Life Cycle
Registries
Ansible and Docker
Connecting to the Docker Daemon
Example Application: Ghost
Running a Docker Container on Our Local Machine
Building an Image from a Dockerfile
Pushing Our Image to the Docker Registry
Orchestrating Multiple Containers on Our Local Machine
Querying Local Images
Deploying the Dockerized Application
Provisioning MySQL
Deploying the Ghost Database
Frontend
Frontend: Ghost
Frontend: NGINX
Cleaning Out Containers
Conclusion

14. Quality Assurance with Molecule
Installation and Setup
Configuring Molecule Drivers
Creating an Ansible Role
Scenarios
Desired State
Configuring Scenarios in Molecule
Managing Virtual Machines
Managing Containers
Molecule Commands
Linting
YAMLlint
ansible-lint
ansible-later
Verifiers
Ansible
Goss
TestInfra
Conclusion

15. Collections
Installing Collections
Listing Collections
Using Collections in a Playbook
Developing a Collection
Conclusion

16. Creating Images
Creating Images with Packer
Vagrant VirtualBox VM
Combining Packer and Vagrant
Cloud Images
Google Cloud Platform
Azure
Amazon EC2
The Playbook
Docker Image: GCC 11
Conclusion

17. Cloud Infrastructure
Terminology
Instance
Amazon Machine Image
Tags
Specifying Credentials
Environment Variables
Configuration Files
Prerequisite: Boto3 Python Library
Dynamic Inventory
Inventory Caching
Other Configuration Options
Defining Dynamic Groups with Tags
Applying Tags to Existing Resources
Nicer Group Names
Virtual Private Clouds
Configuring ansible.cfg for Use with ec2
Launching New Instances
EC2 Key Pairs
Creating a New Key
Uploading Your Public Key
Security Groups
Permitted IP Addresses
Security Group Ports
Getting the Latest AMI
Create a New Instance and Add It to a Group
Waiting for the Server to Come Up
Putting It All Together
Specifying a Virtual Private Cloud
Dynamic Inventory and VPC
Conclusion

18. Callback Plug-ins
Stdout Plug-ins
ARA
debug
default
dense
json
minimal
null
oneline
Notification and Aggregate Plug-ins
Python Requirements
foreman
jabber
junit
log_plays
logentries
logstash
mail
profile_roles
profile_tasks
say
slack
splunk
timer
Conclusion

19. Custom Modules
Example: Checking That You Can Reach a Remote Server
Using the Script Module Instead of Writing Your Own
can_reach as a Module
Should You Develop a Module?
Where to Put Your Custom Modules
How Ansible Invokes Modules
Generate a Standalone Python Script with the Arguments (Python Only)
Copy the Module to the Host
Create an Arguments File on the Host (Non-Python Only)
Invoke the Module
Expected Outputs
Output Variables That Ansible Expects
Implementing Modules in Python
Parsing Arguments
Accessing Parameters
Importing the AnsibleModule Helper Class
Argument Options
AnsibleModule Initializer Parameters
Returning Success or Failure
Invoking External Commands
Check Mode (Dry Run)
Documenting Your Module
Debugging Your Module
Implementing the Module in Bash
Specifying an Alternative Location for Bash
Conclusion

20. Making Ansible Go Even Faster
SSH Multiplexing and ControlPersist
Manually Enabling SSH Multiplexing
SSH Multiplexing Options in Ansible
More SSH Tuning
Algorithm Recommendations
Pipelining
Enabling Pipelining
Configuring Hosts for Pipelining
Mitogen for Ansible
Fact Caching
JSON File Fact-Caching Backend
Redis Fact-Caching Backend
Memcached Fact-Caching Backend
Parallelism
Concurrent Tasks with Async
Conclusion

21. Networking and Security
Network Management
Supported Vendors
Ansible Connection for Network Automation
Privileged Mode
Network Inventory
Network Automation Use Cases
Security
Comply with Compliance?
Secured, but Not Secure
Shadow IT
Sunshine IT
Zero Trust
Conclusion

22. CI/CD and Ansible
Continuous Integration
Elements in a CI System
Jenkins and Ansible
Running CI for Ansible Roles
Staging
Ansible Plug-in
Ansible Tower Plug-in
Conclusion

23. Ansible Automation Platform
Subscription Models
Ansible Automation Platform Trial
What Ansible Automation Platform Solves
Access Control
Projects
Inventory Management
Run Jobs by Job Templates
RESTful API
AWX.AWX
Installation
Create an Organization
Create an Inventory
Running a Playbook with a Job Template
Using Containers to Run Ansible
Creating Execution Environments
Conclusion

24. Best Practices
Simplicity, Modularity, and Composability
Organize Content
Decouple Inventories from Projects
Decouple Roles and Collections
Playbooks
Code Style
Tag and Test All the Things
Desired State
Deliver Continuously
Security
Deployment
Performance Indicators
Benchmark Evidence
Final Words

Bibliography
Index
About the Authors

Managementboek Top 100

Rubrieken

Populaire producten

    Personen

      Trefwoorden

        Ansible – Up and Running