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Software Requirements

Paperback Engels 2013 9780735679665
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Proven practices for requirements engineering-fully updated and expanded

Now in its third edition, this classic guide to software requirements engineering has been fully updated with new topics, examples, and guidance. Guide by two leaders in the software requirements community, you'll gain a contemporary set of practices and tools covering the full range of requirements development and management activities on software projects. Put these practical, realistic techniques to work-and help reduce costs, maintenance and rework while delivering better, on-target solutions.

Improve the way your teams:
- Identify and collaborate with key stakeholders
- Elicit and analyze requirements, with a focus on business objectives
- Document, prioritize, validate, and reuse requirements
- Prototype and create visual models of requirements
- Manage change request, scope creep, and requirements risks
- Understand and specify customer quality expectations

New in this edition:
- Guidance for applying specific practices to agile projects
- Spotlight on the business analyst's role and competencies for success
- Recommended approaches for business process automation, packaged solution, outsourced, enhancement or replacement, and embedded system projects
- Guidance for data and reporting requirements


Aantal pagina's:637
Hoofdrubriek:IT-management / ICT


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Over Joy Beatty

Joy Beatty is a Vice President at Seilevel. Joy drives creation and implementation of new methodologies and best practices that improve requirements elicitation and modeling. She assists Fortune 500 companies as they build business analysis centers of excellence. Joy has provided training to thousands of business analysts. She is a Certified Business Analysis Professional (CBAP®). Joy is actively involved as a leader in the requirements community, serving on boards of multiple industry organizations. She is currently on the International Institute of Business Analysis® (IIBA®) core team for improving A Guide to the Business Analysis Body of Knowledge® (BABOK® Guide). She has presented at numerous requirements-related conferences and speaking events. Additionally, she writes about requirements methodologies in journals, white papers, and blog posts. Joy graduated from Purdue University with Bachelors of Science degrees in both Computer Science and Mathematics.

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Part 1: Software requirements: What, why, and who
1. The essential software requirement
-Software requirements defined
-Requirements development and management
-Every project has requirements
-When bad requirements happen to good people
-Benefits from a high-quality requirements process

2. Requirements from the customer's perspective
-The expectation gap
-Who is the customer?
-The customer-development partnership
-Creating a culture that respects requirements
-Identifying decision makers
-Reaching agreement on requirements

3. Good practices for requirements engineering
-A requirements development process framework
-Good practices: Requirements elicitation
-Good practices: Requirements analysis
-Good practices: Requirements specification
-Good practices: Requirements validation
-Good practices: Requirements management
-Good practices: Knowledge
-Good practices: Project management
-Getting started with new practices

4. The business analyst
-The business analyst role
-The business analyst's tasks
-Essential analyst skills
-Essential analyst knowledge
-The making of a business analyst
-The analyst role on agile projects
-Creating a collaborative team

Part 2: Requirements development
5. Establishing the business requirements
-Defining business requirements
-Vision and scope document
-Scope representation techniques
-Keeping the scope in focus
-Vision and scope on agile projects
-Using business objectives to determine completion

6. Finding the voice of the user
-User classes
-User personas
-Connecting with user representatives
-The product champion
-User representation on agile projects
-Resolving conflicting requirements

7. Requirements elicitation
-Requirements elicitation techniques
-Planning elicitation on your project
-Preparing for elicitation
-Performing elicitation activities
-Following up after elicitation
-Classifying customer input
-How do you know when you're done?
-Some cautions about elicitation
-Assumed and implied requirements
-Finding missing requirements

8. Understanding user requirements
-Use cases and user stories
-The use case approach
-Benefits of usage-centric requirements

9. Playing by the rules
-A business rules taxonomy
-Documenting business rules
-Discovering business rules
-Business rules and requirements
-Tying everything together

10. Documenting the requirements
-The software requirements specification
-A software requirements specification template
-Requirements specification on agile projects

11. Writing excellent requirements
-Characteristics of excellent requirements
-Guidelines for writing requirements
-Sample requirements, before and after

12. A picture is worth 1024 words
-Modeling the requirements
-From voice of the customer to analysis models
-Selecting the right representations
-Data flow diagram
-Swimlane diagram
-State-transition diagram and state table
-Dialog map
-Decision tables and decision trees
-Event-response tables
-A few words about UML diagrams
-Modeling on agile projects
-A final reminder

13. Specifying data requirements
-Modeling data relationships
-The data dictionary
-Data analysis
-Specifying reports
-Dashboard reporting

14. Beyond functionality
-Software quality attributes
-Exploring quality attributes
-Defining quality requirements
-Specifying quality requirements with Planguage
-Quality attribute trade-offs
-Implementing quality attribute requirements
-Handling quality attributes on agile projects

15. Risk reduction through prototyping
-Prototyping: What and why
-Mock-ups and proofs of concept
-Throwaway and evolutionary prototypes
-Paper and electronic prototypes
-Working with prototypes
-Prototype evaluation
-Risks of prototyping
-Prototyping success factors

16. First things first: Setting requirement priorities
-Why prioritize requirements?
-Some prioritization pragmatics
-Games people play with priorities
-Some prioritization techniques
-Prioritization based on value, cost, and risk

17. Validating the requirements
-Validation and verification
-Reviewing requirements
-Prototyping requirements
-Testing the requirements
-Validating requirements with acceptance criteria

18. Requirements reuse
-Why reuse requirements?
-Dimensions of requirements reuse
-Types of requirements information to reuse
-Common reuse scenarios
-Requirement patterns
-Tools to facilitate reuse
-Making requirements reusable
-Requirements reuse barriers and success factors

19. Beyond requirements development
-Estimating requirements effort
-From requirements to project plans
-From requirements to designs and code
-From requirements to tests
-From requirements to success

Part 3: Requirements for specific project classes
20. Agile projects
-Limitations of the waterfall
-The agile development approach
-Essential aspects of an agile approach to requirements
-Adapting requirements practices to agile projects
-Transitioning to agile: Now what?

21. Enhancement and replacement projects
-Expected challenges
-Requirements techniques when there is an existing system
-Prioritizing by using business objectives
-When old requirements don't exist
-Encouraging new system adoption
-Can we iterate?

22. Packaged solution projects
-Requirements for selecting packaged solutions
-Requirements for implementing packaged solutions
-Common challenges with packaged solutions

23. Outsourced projects
-Appropriate levels of requirements detail
-Acquirer-supplier interactions
-Change management
-Acceptance criteria

24. Business process automation projects
-Modeling business processes
-Modeling business performance metrics
-Good practices for business process automation projects

25. Business analytics projects
-Overview of business analytics projects
-Requirements development for business analytics projects
-The evolutionary nature of analytics

26. Embedded and other real-time systems projects
-System requirements, architecture, and allocation
-Modeling real-time systems
-Timing requirements
-Quality attributes for embedded systems
-The challenges of embedded systems

Part 4: Requirements management
27. Requirements management practices
-Requirements management process
-The requirements baseline
-Requirements version control
-Requirement attributes
-Tracking requirements status
-Resolving requirements issues
-Measuring requirements effort
-Managing requirements on agile projects
-Why manage requirements?

28. Change happens
-Why manage changes?
-Managing scope creep
-Change control policy
-Basic concepts of the change control process
-A change control process description
-The change control board
-Change control tools
-Measuring change activity
-Change impact analysis
-Change management on agile projects

29. Links in the requirements chain
-Tracing requirements
-Motivations for tracing requirements
-The requirements traceability matrix
-Tools for requirements tracing
-A requirements tracing procedure
-Is requirements tracing feasible? Is it necessary?

30. Tools for requirements engineering
-Requirements development tools
-Requirements management tools
-Selecting and implementing a requirements tool

Part 5: Implementing requirements engineering
31. Improving your requirements processes
-How requirements relate to other project processes
-Requirements and various stakeholder groups
-Gaining commitment to change
-Fundamentals of software process improvement
-Root cause analysis
-The process improvement cycle
-Requirements engineering process assets
-Are we there yet?
-Creating a requirements process improvement road map

32. Software requirements and risk management
-Fundamentals of software risk management
-Requirements-related risks
-Risk management is your friend


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