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TensorFlow 2 Pocket Reference

Building and Deploying Machine Learning Models

Paperback Engels 2021 9781492089186
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Samenvatting

This easy-to-use reference for TensorFlow 2 design patterns in Python will help you make informed decisions for various use cases. Author KC Tung addresses common topics and tasks in enterprise data science and machine learning practices rather than focusing on TensorFlow itself.

When and why would you feed training data as using NumPy or a streaming dataset? How would you set up cross-validations in the training process? How do you leverage a pretrained model using transfer learning? How do you perform hyperparameter tuning? Pick up this pocket reference and reduce the time you spend searching through options for your TensorFlow use cases.

- Understand best practices in TensorFlow model patterns and ML workflows
- Use code snippets as templates in building TensorFlow models and workflows
- Save development time by integrating prebuilt models in TensorFlow Hub
- Make informed design choices about data ingestion, training paradigms, model saving, and inferencing
- Address common scenarios such as model design style, data ingestion workflow, model training, and tuning

Specificaties

ISBN13:9781492089186
Taal:Engels
Bindwijze:paperback
Aantal pagina's:300
Uitgever:O'Reilly
Druk:1
Verschijningsdatum:3-8-2021
Hoofdrubriek:IT-management / ICT

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Inhoudsopgave

Preface
Conventions Used in This Book
Using Code Examples
O’Reilly Online Learning
How to Contact Us
Acknowledgments

1. Introduction to TensorFlow 2
Improvements in TensorFlow 2
Keras API
Reusable Models in TensorFlow
Making Commonly Used Operations Easy
Open Source Data
Working with Distributed Datasets
Data Streaming
Data Engineering
Transfer Learning
Model Styles
Monitoring the Training Process
Distributed Training
Serving Your TensorFlow Model
Improving the Training Experience
Wrapping Up

2. Data Storage and Ingestion
Streaming Data with Python Generators
Streaming File Content with a Generator
JSON Data Structures
Setting Up a Pattern for Filenames
Splitting a Single CSV File into Multiple CSV Files
Creating a File Pattern Object Using tf.io
Creating a Streaming Dataset Object
Streaming a CSV Dataset
Organizing Image Data
Using TensorFlow Image Generator
Streaming Cross-Validation Images
Inspecting Resized Images
Wrapping Up

3. Data Preprocessing
Preparing Tabular Data for Training
Marking Columns
Encoding Column Interactions as Possible Features
Creating a Cross-Validation Dataset
Starting the Model Training Process
Summary
Preparing Image Data for Processing
Transforming Images to a Fixed Specification
Training the Model
Summary
Preparing Text Data for Processing
Tokenizing Text
Creating a Dictionary and Reverse Dictionary
Wrapping Up

4. Reusable Model Elements
The Basic TensorFlow Hub Workflow
Image Classification by Transfer Learning
Model Requirements
Data Transformation and Input Processing
Model Implementation with TensorFlow Hub
Defining the Output
Mapping Output to Plain-Text Format
Evaluation: Creating a Confusion Matrix
Summary
Using the tf.keras.applications Module for Pretrained Models
Model Implementation with tf.keras.applications
Fine-Tuning Models from tf.keras.applications
Wrapping Up

5. Data Pipelines for Streaming Ingestion
Streaming Text Files with the text_dataset_from_directory Function
Downloading Text Data and Setting Up Directories
Creating the Data Pipeline
Inspecting the Dataset
Summary
Streaming Images with a File List Using the flow_from_dataframe Method
Downloading Images and Setting Up Directories
Creating the Data Ingestion Pipeline
Inspecting the Dataset
Building and Training the tf.keras Model
Streaming a NumPy Array with the from_tensor_slices Method
Loading Example Data and Libraries
Inspecting the NumPy Array
Building the Input Pipeline for NumPy Data
Wrapping Up

6. Model Creation Styles
Using the Symbolic API
Loading the CIFAR-10 Images
Inspecting Label Distribution
Inspecting Images
Building a Data Pipeline
Batching the Dataset for Training
Building the Model
Understanding Inheritance
Using the Imperative API
Defining a Model as a Class
Choosing the API
Using the Built-In Training Loop
Creating and Using a Custom Training Loop
Creating the Elements of the Loop
Putting the Elements Together in a Custom Training Loop
Wrapping Up

7. Monitoring the Training Process
Callback Objects
ModelCheckpoint
EarlyStopping
Summary
TensorBoard
Invoking TensorBoard by Local Jupyter Notebook
Invoking TensorBoard by Local Command Terminal
Invoking TensorBoard by Colab Notebook
Visualizing Model Overfitting Using TensorBoard
Visualizing the Learning Process Using TensorBoard
Wrapping Up

8. Distributed Training
Data Parallelism
Asynchronous Parameter Server
Synchronous Allreduce
Using the Class tf.distribute.MirroredStrategy
Setting Up Distributed Training
Using a GPU Cluster with tf.distribute.MirroredStrategy
Summary
The Horovod API
Code Pattern for Implementing the Horovod API
Encapsulating the Model Architecture
Encapsulating the Data Separation and Sharding Processes
Parameter Synchronization Among Workers
Model Checkpoint as a Callback
Distributed Optimizer for Gradient Aggregation
Distributed Training Using the Horovod API
Wrapping Up

9. Serving TensorFlow Models
Model Serialization
Saving a Model to h5 Format
Saving a Model to pb Format
Selecting the Model Format
TensorFlow Serving
Running TensorFlow Serving with a Docker Image
Wrapping Up

10. Improving the Modeling Experience: Fairness Evaluation and Hyperparameter Tuning
Model Fairness
Model Training and Scoring
Fairness Evaluation
Rendering Fairness Indicators
Hyperparameter Tuning
Integer Lists as Hyperparameters
Item Choice as Hyperparameters
Floating-Point Values as Hyperparameters
End-to-End Hyperparameter Tuning
Import Libraries and Load Data
Wrapping Up

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