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Network Programmability and Automation, Volume 1

Paperback Engels 2021 9781587145148
Verkooppositie 2465
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Modernize and optimize network management with APIs and automation

Legacy network management approaches dont scale adequately and cant be automated well. This guide will help meet tomorrows challenges by adopting network programmability based on Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). Using these techniques, you can improve efficiency, reliability, and flexibility; simplify implementation of high-value technologies; automate routine administrative and security tasks; and deploy services far more rapidly.

Four expert authors help you transition from a legacy mindset to one based on solving problems with software. They explore todays emerging network programmability and automation ecosystem; introduce each leading programmable interface; and review the protocols, tools, techniques, and technologies that underlie network programmability. Youll master key concepts through hands-on examples you can run using Linux, Python, Cisco DevNet sandboxes, and other easily accessible tools.

This guide is for all network architects, engineers, operations, and software professionals who want to integrate programmability into their networks. It offers valuable background for Cisco DevNet certificationand skills you can use with any platform, whether you have software development experience or not.

- Master core concepts and explore the network programmability stack
- Manage network software and run automation scripts in Linux environments
- Solve real problems with Python and its Napalm and Nornir automation frameworks
- Make the most of the HTTP protocol, REST architectural framework, and SSH
- Encode your data with XML, JSON, or YAML
- Understand and build data models using YANG that offer a foundation for model-based network programming
- Leverage modern network management protocols, from gRPC and gNMI to NETCONF and RESTCONF
- Meet stringent service provider KPIs in large-scale, fast-changing networks
- Program Cisco devices running IOS XE, IOS XR, and NX-OS as well as Meraki, DNA Center, and Webex platforms
- Program non-Cisco platforms such as Cumulus Linux and Arista EOS
- Go from zero to hero with Ansible network automation
- Plan your next steps with more advanced tools and technologies


Aantal pagina's:1232
Uitgever:Cisco Press
Hoofdrubriek:IT-management / ICT


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Introduction xxix

Part I Introduction
Chapter 1 The Network Programmability and Automation Ecosystem 1
First, a Few Definitions 2
Your Network Programmability and Automation Toolbox 14
Software and Network Engineers: The New Era 19

Part II Linux
Chapter 2 Linux Fundamentals 21
The Story of Linux 21
The Linux Boot Process 26
A Linux Command Shell Primer 28
Finding Help in Linux 31
Files and Directories in Linux 35
Input and Output Redirection 57
Archiving Utilities 67
Linux System Maintenance 73
Installing and Maintaining Software on Linux 94
Summary 118

Chapter 3 Linux Storage, Security, and Networks 119
Linux Storage 119
Linux Security 135
Linux Networking 158
Summary 181

Chapter 4 Linux Scripting 183
Regular Expressions and the grep Utility 184
The AWK Programming Language 193
The sed Utility 196
General Structure of Shell Scripts 203
Output and Input 207
Variables 215
Conditional Statements 223
Loops 232
The until-do Loop 237
Functions 238
Expect 242
Summary 246

Part III Python
Chapter 5 Python Fundamentals 249
Scripting Languages Versus Programming Languages 250
Network Programmability 253
Computer Science Concepts 255
Python Fundamentals 260
Summary 309
References 310
Chapter 6 Python Applications 311
Organizing the Development Environment 311
The virtualenv Tool 331
Python Modules 333
Python Applications 336
Summary 385

Part IV Transport
Chapter 7 HTTP and REST 387
HTTP Overview 387
The REST Framework 392
The HTTP Connection 394
HTTP Transactions 397
HTTP Messages 415
Resource Identification 431
Postman 436
HTTP and Bash 447
HTTP and Python 455
Summary 467

Chapter 8 Advanced HTTP 469
HTTP/1.1 Authentication 469
Transport Layer Security (TLS) and HTTPS 487
HTTP/2 503
Summary 508

Chapter 9 SSH 509
SSH Overview 509
Setting Up SSH 521
Enabling SSH on Cisco Devices 526
Secure File Transfer 540
Summary 551
References 551

Part V Encoding
Chapter 10 XML 553
XML Overview, History, and Usage 553
XML Syntax and Components 554
Making XML Valid 562
Navigating XML Documents 574
XML Stylesheet Language Transformations (XSLT) 578
Processing XML Files with Python 580
Summary 588

Chapter 11 JSON 591
JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) 591
JSON Schema Definition (JSD) 595
Summary 614

Chapter 12 YAML 615
YAML Structure 616
Handling YAML Data Using Python 626
Summary 637

Part VI Modeling
Chapter 13 YANG 639
A Data Modeling Primer 639
YANG Data Models 642
Types of YANG Modules 663
YANG Tools 673
Summary 688

Part VII Protocols
Chapter 14 NETCONF and RESTCONF 689
Summary 779

Chapter 15 gRPC, Protobuf, and gNMI 781
Requirements for Efficient Transport 781
History and Principles of gRPC 782
gRPC as a Transport 784
The Protocol Buffers Data Format 786
Working with gRPC and Protobuf in Python 790
The gNMI Specification 798
The Anatomy of gNMI 799
Managing Network Elements with gNMI/gRPC 814
Summary 818

Chapter 16 Service Provider Programmability 819
The SDN Framework for Service Providers 819
Segment Routing (SR) 823
BGP Link State (BGP-LS) 843
Path Computation Element Protocol (PCEP) 859
Summary 880

Part VIII Programmability Applications
Chapter 17 Programming Cisco Platforms 881
API Classification 882
Network Platforms 883
Meraki 922
DNA Center 931
Collaboration Platforms 942
Summary 954

Chapter 18 Programming Non-Cisco Platforms 957
General Approaches to Programming Networks 957
Implementation Examples 962
Summary 987
Chapter 19 Ansible 989
Ansible Basics 989
Extending Ansible Capabilities 1003
Jinja2 Templates 1034
Using Ansible for Cisco IOS XE 1055
Using Ansible for Cisco IOS XR 1073
Using Ansible for Cisco NX-OS 1084
Using Ansible in Conjunction with NETCONF 1095
Summary 1108

Part IX Looking Ahead
Chapter 20 Looking Ahead 1109
Some Rules of Thumb 1109
What Does All This Mean for Your Career? 1118

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